Pura Besakih – The Mother Temple



Being over 1000 years old and perched at an altitude of 1000m above sea level, Pura Besakih is the biggest of all the Hindu Temples in Bali. Its located on the south-facing side of Mt Agung, in the Karangasem Regency, Bali, Indonesia.



A mystical pilgrimage for the Balinese people. The temple represents the Hindu trinity. Pura Penataran Agung in the center is for Shiva, the destroyer. Pura Kiduling Kreteg on the right side is for Brahma, the creator, and Pura Batu Madeg represents Vishnu, the preserver.


The largest temple in the complex, Pura Penataran Agung, has different areas representing seven layers of the universe, each with their own shrines. Pura Pasimpangan on the downstream side (on the east of the main street) and Pura Pangubengan upstream are approximately three kilometers apart. Located on higher ground, the closest to Mount Agung’s peak, Pura Pangubengan has great vistas and it’s about a 30-minute walk from the main Pura Penataran Agung. Around 10 minutes to the east of Pura Pangubengan is Pura Batu Tirtha. It is where holy water is sourced for the ‘Karya Agung’ ceremonies at Pura Besakih and Pekraman villages.


You can visit other temples in Pura Besakih, but many of their inner courtyards are closed to the public as they’re reserved for pilgrims.

Inner courtyard Pura Besakih
Inner courtyard Pura Besakih

Location: in Besakih Village, Rendang Sub-district, Karangasem District

Google Maps Link Click Here

Opening Hours: 08:00 – 17:00, but it is actually open 24 hours as it is a place of worship

Temple Etiquette

Women who are menstruating are not allowed to enter the temple at all. Like with all the holy sites in Bali tourists must wear a sarong and sash or kamen wrap.

Volcano Activity

Despite the recent rumblings from Mt Agung, Purah Besakih is still open. This could of course change. If you are confused about the different exclusion zones within the Karangasem Regency, please consult with your guide.


To make a reservation for a guided tour to Pura Besakih Please Click Here

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